Discussion:
Ivermectin and human parasites
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Nic
2021-09-05 19:15:03 UTC
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans


Protozoan organisms


Helminths (worms)

Helminth organisms (also called helminths
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths> or intestinal worms) include:


Tapeworms


Flukes


Roundworms


Other organisms


Ectoparasites

Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Source/Transmission
(Reservoir/Vector)
Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granulomatous_amoebic_encephalitis> and
/Acanthamoeba/ keratitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acanthamoeba_keratitis> (eye infection)
/Acanthamoeba <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acanthamoeba>/ spp. eye,
brain, skin culture worldwide contact lenses
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contact_lense> cleaned with contaminated
tap water <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tap_water>
Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granulomatous_amoebic_encephalitis>
/Balamuthia mandrillaris
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balamuthia_mandrillaris>/ brain, skin
culture worldwide via inhalation or skin lesion
Babesiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babesiosis> /Babesia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babesia>/ /B. divergens/, /B. bigemina/,
/B. equi/, /B. microfti/, /B. duncani/ red blood cells Giemsa-stained
thin blood smear <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giemsa_stain> New
England <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_England> (different species
have worldwide distribution) tick bites
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick_bite>, e.g. /Ixodes scapularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixodes_scapularis>/
Balantidiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balantidiasis>
/Balantidium coli <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balantidium_coli>/
intestinal mucosa <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mucosa>, may become
invasive in some patients stool (diarrhea=ciliated trophozoite; solid
stool=large cyst with horseshoe shaped nucleus)
ingestion of cyst, zoonotic infection acquired from pigs (feces)
Blastocystosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastocystosis>
/Blastocystis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastocystis>/ spp.
intestinal direct microscopy of stool (PCR, antibody)  • worldwide:
one of the most common human parasites^[1]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Blastocystosis_prevalence-1>
^[2]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Efficacy_against_Blastocystis-2>

 • Developing regions: infects 40–100% of the total populations^[1]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Blastocystosis_prevalence-1>
^[2]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Efficacy_against_Blastocystis-2>
^[3]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Primary:_Blastocystosis_100%_prevalence-3>
eating food contaminated with feces from an infected human or animal
Cryptosporidiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptosporidiosis>
/Cryptosporidium <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptosporidium>/ spp.
intestines stool widespread ingestion of oocyst (sporulated), some
species are zoonotic (e.g. bovine fecal contamination)
Cyclosporiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclosporiasis>
/Cyclospora cayetanensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclospora_cayetanensis>/ intestines
stool United States ingestion of oocyst thru contaminated food
Dientamoebiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dientamoebiasis>
/Dientamoeba fragilis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dientamoeba_fragilis>/ intestines stool
up to 10% in industrialized countries ingesting water or food
contaminated with feces
Amoebiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoebiasis> /Entamoeba
histolytica <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entamoeba_histolytica>/
intestines (mainly colon, but can cause liver failure if not treated)
stool (fresh diarrheic stools have amoeba, solid stool has cyst) areas
with poor sanitation, high population density and tropical regions
fecal-oral transmission of cyst, not amoeba
Giardiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giardiasis> /Giardia lamblia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giardia_lamblia>/ lumen
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lumen_(anatomy)> of the small intestine
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_intestine> stool worldwide?
ingestion of water containing deer or beaver feces
Isosporiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isosporiasis> /Isospora
belli <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isospora_belli>/ epithelial cells
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epithelial_cell> of small intestines
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_intestine> stool worldwide – less
common than /Toxoplasma/ or /Cryptosporidium/ fecal oral route –
ingestion of sporulated oocyst
Leishmaniasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmaniasis> /Leishmania
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmania>/ spp. cutaneous
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cutaneous>, mucocutaneous
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mucocutaneous>, or visceral
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral> visual identification of
lesion or microscopic stain with Leishman's or Giemsa's stain visceral
leishmaniasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral_leishmaniasis> –
worldwide; cutaneous leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cutaneous_leishmaniasis> – Old World;
mucocutaneous leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmaniasis> – New World /Phlebotomus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phlebotomus>/, /Lutzomyia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutzomyia>/ – bite of several species of
phlebotomine sandflies
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_amoebic_meningoencephalitis>
(PAM)^[4]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-4>
^[5]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-5>
/Naegleria fowleri <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naegleria_fowleri>/
brain culture unknown, but infection is rare nasal insufflation
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insufflation_(medicine)> of contaminated
warm fresh water, poorly chlorinated swimming pools
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swimming_pool>, hot springs
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_spring>, soil
Malaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria> /Plasmodium falciparum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_falciparum>/ (80% of cases),
/Plasmodium vivax <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_vivax>/,
/Plasmodium ovale curtisi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_ovale_curtisi>/, /Plasmodium
ovale wallikeri
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_ovale_wallikeri>/, /Plasmodium
malariae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_malariae>/,
/Plasmodium knowlesi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_knowlesi>/ red blood cells,
liver blood film <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_film> tropical –
250 million cases/year /Anopheles
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anopheles>/ mosquito
Rhinosporidiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinosporidiosis>
/Rhinosporidium seeberi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinosporidium_seeberi>/ nose,
nasopharynx <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasopharynx> biopsy India
and Sri Lanka nasal mucosa <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasal_mucosa>
came into contact with infected material through bathing in common ponds
Sarcocystosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcocystis> /Sarcocystis
bovihominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocystis_bovihominis&action=edit&redlink=1>/,/Sarcocystis
suihominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocystis_suihominis&action=edit&redlink=1>/
intestine <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intestine>, muscle
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle> muscle biopsy widespread
ingestion of uncooked/undercooked beef/pork with /Sarcocystis/
sarcocysts
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocyst&action=edit&redlink=1>

Toxoplasmosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis> (Acute
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis#Acute_toxoplasmosis> and
Latent
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis#Latent_toxoplasmosis>)
/Toxoplasma gondii <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasma_gondii>/
eyes, brain, heart, liver blood and PCR
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCR> worldwide: one of the most common
human parasites; estimated to infect between 30–50% of the global
population.^[6]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Global_threat-6>
^[7]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Pappas2009-7>
ingestion of uncooked/undercooked pork/lamb/goat with /Toxoplasma/
bradyzoites <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradyzoite>, ingestion of raw
milk with /Toxoplasma/ tachyzoites
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tachyzoites>, ingestion of contaminated
water food or soil with oocysts <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oocysts>
in cat feces that is more than one day old
Trichomoniasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichomoniasis>
/Trichomonas vaginalis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichomonas_vaginalis>/ female
urogenital tract (males asymptomatic) microscopic examination of
genital swab worldwide sexually transmitted infection – only
trophozoite form (no cysts)
Sleeping sickness
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_trypanosomiasis> /Trypanosoma
brucei <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypanosoma_brucei>/ brain and
blood microscopic examination of chancre
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chancre> fluid, lymph node aspirates,
blood, bone marrow 50,000 to 70,000 people; only found in Africa
tsetse fly <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsetse_fly>, day-biting fly of
the genus /Glossina <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossina>/
Chagas disease <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chagas_disease>
/Trypanosoma cruzi <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypanosoma_cruzi>/
colon, esophagus, heart, nerves, muscle and blood Giemsa stain
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giemsa_stain> – blood Mexico
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico>, Central America, South America –
16–18 million /Triatoma
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triatoma>//Reduviidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reduviidae> – "kissing bug" insect
vector, feeds at night
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapeworm> – Tapeworm infection
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapeworm_infection> /Cestoda
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cestoda>/, /Taenia multiceps
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taenia_multiceps&action=edit&redlink=1>/
intestine stool rare worldwide
Diphyllobothriasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphyllobothriasis> –
tapeworm /Diphyllobothrium latum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphyllobothrium_latum>/ intestines,
blood stool (microscope) Europe, Japan, Uganda, Peru, Chile ingestion
of raw fresh water fish
Echinococcosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcosis> – tapeworm
/Echinococcus granulosus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcus_granulosus>/, /Echinococcus
multilocularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcus_multilocularis>/, /E.
vogeli/, /E. oligarthrus/ liver, lungs, kidney, spleen imaging of
hydatid cysts <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydatid_cyst> in the liver,
lungs, kidney and spleen Mediterranean countries as intermediate host
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermediate_host>, ingestion of material
contaminated by feces from a carnivore
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnivore>; as definite host
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Definite_host>, ingestion of uncooked
meat (offal <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offal>) from a herbivore
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbivore>
Hymenolepiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepiasis>^[8]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-8>
/Hymenolepis nana <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepis_nana>/,
/Hymenolepis diminuta
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepis_diminuta>/


ingestion of material contaminated by flour beetles, mealworms,
cockroaches
Beef tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beef_tapeworm> /Taenia
saginata <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taenia_saginata>/ Intestines
stool worldwide distribution ingestion of undercooked beef
Cysticercosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cysticercosis>-Pork
tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pork_tapeworm> /Taenia solium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taenia_solium>/ Brain, muscle, Eye
(Cysts in conjuntiva/anterior chamber/sub-retinal space) stool, blood
Asia, Africa, South America, Southern Europe, North America. ingestion
of undercooked pork
Bertielliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertielliasis> /Bertiella
mucronata <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertiella_mucronata>/,
/Bertiella studeri <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertiella_studeri>/
Intestines stool rare contact with non-human primates
Sparganosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparganosis> /Spirometra
erinaceieuropaei
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirometra_erinaceieuropaei>/


ingestion of material contaminated with infected dog or cat feces
(humans: dead-end host <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead-end_host>)
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Clonorchiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchiasis> /Clonorchis
sinensis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchis_sinensis>/;
/Clonorchis viverrini/ gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver
East Asia ingestion of under prepared freshwater fish
Lancet liver fluke /Dicrocoelium dendriticum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dicrocoelium_dendriticum>/ gall bladder
rare ingestion of ants
Liver fluke <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liver_fluke> – Fasciolosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolosis>^[9]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-9>
/Fasciola hepatica <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciola_hepatica>/,
/Fasciola gigantica <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciola_gigantica>/
liver, gall bladder stool /Fasciola hepatica/ in Europe, Africa,
Australia, the Americas and Oceania; /Fasciola gigantica/ only in Africa
and Asia, 2.4 million people infected by both species freshwater snails
Fasciolopsiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolopsiasis> –
intestinal fluke^[10]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-10>
/Fasciolopsis buski <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolopsis_buski>/
intestines stool or vomitus (microscope) East Asia – 10 million
people ingestion of infested water plants or water (intermediate
host:amphibic snails)
Metagonimiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metagonimiasis> –
intestinal fluke /Metagonimus yokogawai/
stool Siberia, Manchuria, Balkan states, Israel, Spain ingestion of
undercooked or salted fish
Metorchiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metorchiasis> /Metorchis
conjunctus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metorchis_conjunctus>/

Canada, US, Greenland ingestion of raw fish
Chinese liver fluke /Opisthorchis viverrini
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opisthorchis_viverrini>/, /Opisthorchis
felineus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opisthorchis_felineus>/,
/Clonorchis sinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchis_sinensis>/ bile duct
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile_duct>
1.5 million people in Russia consuming infected raw, slightly salted
or frozen fish
Paragonimiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimiasis>, lung
fluke /Paragonimus westermani
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimus_westermani>/; /Paragonimus
africanus/; /Paragonimus caliensis/; /Paragonimus kellicotti/;
/Paragonimus skrjabini
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimus_skrjabini>/; /Paragonimus
uterobilateralis/ lungs sputum, feces East Asia ingestion of raw or
undercooked freshwater crabs crayfishes or other crustaceans
Schistosomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomiasis> –
bilharzia, bilharziosis or snail fever (all types) /Schistosoma
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma>/ sp.

Africa, Caribbean, eastern South America, east Asia, Middle East – 200
million people skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
freshwater snails
intestinal schistosomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intestinal_schistosomiasis> /Schistosoma
mansoni <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_mansoni>/ and
/Schistosoma intercalatum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_intercalatum>/ intestine,
liver, spleen, lungs, skin, rarely infects the brain stool Africa,
Caribbean, South America, Asia, Middle East – 83 million people skin
exposure to water contaminated with infected /Biomphalaria
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomphalaria>/ freshwater snails
urinary blood fluke /Schistosoma haematobium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_haematobium>/ kidney,
bladder, ureters, lungs, skin urine Africa, Middle East skin exposure
to water contaminated with infected /Bulinus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulinus>/ sp. snails
Schistosomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomiasis> by
/Schistosoma japonicum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_japonicum>/ /Schistosoma
japonicum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_japonicum>/
intestine, liver, spleen, lungs, skin stool China, East Asia,
Philippines skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
/Oncomelania <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oncomelania>/ sp. snails
Asian intestinal schistosomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asian_intestinal_schistosomiasis&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Schistosoma mekongi <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_mekongi>/

South East Asia skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
/Neotricula aperta <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neotricula_aperta>/ –
freshwater snails
Echinostomiasis /Echinostoma echinatum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinostoma>/ small intestine
Far East ingestion of raw fish, mollusks, snails
Swimmer's itch <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swimmer%27s_itch>
/Trichobilharzia regenti
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichobilharzia_regenti>/,
Schistosomatidae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomatidae>

worldwide skin exposure to contaminated water (snails and vertebrates)
Disease caused Latin name (sorted) Habitat in definite host
Prevalence Vector or intermediate host Mode of transmission
Ancylostomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancylostomiasis>/Hookworm
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hookworm> /Ancylostoma duodenale
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancylostoma_duodenale>/, Necator
americanus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necator_americanus> lungs,
small intestine, blood stool common in tropical, warm, moist climates
penetration of skin by L3 larva
Angiostrongyliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiostrongyliasis>
/Angiostrongylus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiostrongylus>/
intestine stool
ingestion of infected faeces or infected slugs
Anisakiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anisakiasis>^[11]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-11>
/Anisakis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anisakis>/ allergic reaction
biopsy incidental host ingestion of raw fish, squid, cuttlefish, octopus
Roundworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roundworm> – Parasitic
pneumonia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_pneumonia> /Ascaris
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascaris>/ sp. /Ascaris lumbricoides
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascaris_lumbricoides>/ Intestines,
liver, appendix, pancreas, lungs, Löffler's syndrome
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%B6ffler%27s_syndrome> stool common
in tropical and subtropical regions
Roundworm – Baylisascariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baylisascariasis> /Baylisascaris
procyonis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baylisascaris_procyonis>/
Intestines, liver, lungs, brain, eye
rare: North America stool from raccoons
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raccoon>
Roundworm-lymphatic filariasis /Brugia malayi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugia_malayi>/, /Brugia timori
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugia_timori>/ lymph nodes blood
samples tropical regions of Asia arthropods
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropod>
Dioctophyme renalis infection
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dioctophyme_renalis_infection&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Dioctophyme renale <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dioctophyme_renale>/
kidneys (typically the right) urine rare ingestion of undercooked or
raw freshwater fish
Guinea worm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea_worm> – Dracunculiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracunculiasis> /Dracunculus medinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracunculus_medinensis>/ subcutaneous
tissues, muscle skin blister/ulcer South Sudan (eradication ongoing)
Pinworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinworm> – Enterobiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobiasis> /Enterobius vermicularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobius_vermicularis>/, /Enterobius
gregorii <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobius_gregorii>/
intestines, anus stool; tape test around anus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anus> widespread; temperate regions
Gnathostomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostomiasis>^[12]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-12>
/Gnathostoma spinigerum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostoma_spinigerum>/, /Gnathostoma
hispidum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostoma_hispidum>/
subcutaneous tissues (under the skin) physical examination rare –
Southeast Asia ingestion of raw or undercooked meat (e.g., freshwater
fish, chicken, snails, frogs, pigs) or contaminated water
Halicephalobiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Halicephalobiasis&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Halicephalobus gingivalis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halicephalobus_gingivalis>/ brain

soil-contaminated wounds
/Loa loa/ filariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loa_loa_filariasis>,
Calabar swellings <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calabar_swellings>
/Loa loa filaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loa_loa_filaria>/
connective tissue, lungs, eye blood (Giemsa, haematoxylin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haematoxylin>, eosin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eosin> stain) rain forest of West Africa
– 12–13 million people Tabanidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabanidae> – horsefly, bites in the day
Mansonelliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansonelliasis>,
filariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filariasis> /Mansonella
streptocerca <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansonella_streptocerca>/
subcutaneous layer of skin

insect
River blindness <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_blindness>,
onchocerciasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onchocerciasis>
/Onchocerca volvulus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onchocerca_volvulus>/ skin, eye, tissue
bloodless skin snip Africa, Yemen, Central and South America near cool,
fast flowing rivers /Simulium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simulium>//black fly
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_fly>, bites during the day
Strongyloidiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strongyloidiasis> –
Parasitic pneumonia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_pneumonia>
/Strongyloides stercoralis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strongyloides_stercoralis>/ intestines,
lungs, skin (Larva currens
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larva_currens>) stool, blood
skin penetration
Thelaziasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelaziasis> /Thelazia
californiensis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelazia_californiensis>/,
/Thelazia callipaeda
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelazia_callipaeda>/ eyes ocular
examination Asia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asia>, Europe
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe> /Amiota (Phortica) variegata
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amiota_variegata>/, /Phortica okadai
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phortica_okadai&action=edit&redlink=1>/

Toxocariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocariasis> /Toxocara
canis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_canis>/, /Toxocara cati
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_cati>/, /Toxascaris leonina
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxascaris_leonina>/ liver, brain, eyes
(/Toxocara canis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_canis>/ –
visceral larva migrans
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral_larva_migrans>, ocular larva
migrans <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocular_larva_migrans>) blood,
ocular examination worldwide distribution pica
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pica_(disorder)>, unwashed food
contaminated with /Toxocara/ eggs, undercooked livers of chicken
Trichinosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinosis> /Trichinella
spiralis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_spiralis>/,
/Trichinella britovi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_britovi>/, /Trichinella
nelsoni
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trichinella_nelsoni&action=edit&redlink=1>/,
/Trichinella nativa <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_nativa>/
muscle, periorbital region, small intestine blood more common in
developing countries due to improved feeding practices in developed
countries. ingestion of undercooked pork
Whipworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whipworm> /Trichuris trichiura
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichuris_trichiura>/, /Trichuris vulpis/
large intestine, anus stool (eggs) common worldwide accidental
ingestion of eggs in dry goods such as beans, rice, and various grains
or soil contaminated with human feces
Elephantiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantiasis_tropica> –
Lymphatic filariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lymphatic_filariasis> /Wuchereria
bancrofti <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wuchereria_bancrofti>/
lymphatic system thick blood smears stained with hematoxylin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hematoxylin>. tropical and subtropical
mosquito, bites at night
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Acanthocephaliasis Archiacanthocephala
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archiacanthocephala>, /Moniliformis
moniliformis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moniliformis_moniliformis>/
Gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, eye Faeces, parasite itself
worldwide ingestion of intermediate hosts
/Halzoun syndrome/ /Linguatula serrata
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguatula_serrata>/ nasopharynx
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasopharynx> physical examination Mid
East ingestion of raw or undercooked lymph nodes (e.g., meat from
infected camels and buffaloes)
Myiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myiasis> Oestroidea
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oestroidea>, Calliphoridae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calliphoridae>, Sarcophagidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcophagidae> dead or living tissue


Screwworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screwworm>, Cochliomyia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochliomyia> /Cochliomyia hominivorax
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochliomyia_hominivorax>/ (family
Calliphoridae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calliphoridae>) skin and
wounds visual North America (eradicated), Central America, North
Africa direct contact with fly
Chigoe flea /Tunga penetrans
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunga_penetrans>/ Subcutaneous tissue
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subcutaneous_tissue> physical
examination Central and South America, Sub-Saharan Africa
Human botfly /Dermatobia hominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dermatobia_hominis>/ Subcutaneous tissue
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subcutaneous_tissue> physical
examination Central and South America mosquitoes and biting flies
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Head louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head_louse> – Pediculosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pediculosis> /Pediculus humanus capitis/
hair follicles visual identification under magnification common
worldwide head-to-head contact
Body louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_louse> – Pediculosis
/Pediculus humanus humanus/ skin visual identification under
magnification (Vagabond's disease
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vagabond%27s_disease>) common worldwide
skin-to-skin contact such as sexual activity and via sharing clothing or
bedding
Crab louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crab_louse> –Phthiriasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phthiriasis> /Pthirus pubis/ pubic
area, eyelashes visual identification under magnification common
worldwide skin-to-skin contact such as sexual activity and via sharing
clothing or bedding
"Chiggers" (Trombiculidae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculidae>)
– Trombiculosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculosis>
Arachnida: Trombiculidae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculidae>
skin visual identification under magnification, microscopy worldwide
(mesic <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesic_habitat> habitats) high
grass, weeds
Flea <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flea> Siphonaptera
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flea>: /Pulicinae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulicinae>/ skin visual identification
under magnification worldwide environment
Bed bug <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bed_bug_(insect)> Cimicidae:
/Cimex lectularius <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimex_lectularius> and
Cimex hemipterus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimex_hemipterus>/ skin
visual worldwide sharing of clothing, bedding and hitchhiking in
personal possessions
Tick <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick> Arachnida: Ixodidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixodidae> and Argasidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argasidae> skin visual worldwide high
grass, leaf litter, weeds
Mosquito <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito> Insecta: Diptera
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diptera> skin visual worldwide high
grass, weeds
Demodex <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demodex> – Demodicosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demodicosis> /Demodex
folliculorum/brevis/canis/ eyebrow, eyelashes, skin, face, scalp
microscopy of eyelash or eyebrow hair follicle, cellophane tape method
(CTP), squeezing method, skin scrapings pandemic, worldwide Commensal,
prolonged skin-to-skin contact
Scabies <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scabies> /Sarcoptes scabiei/
skin microscopy of surface scrapings worldwide skin-to-skin contact
such as sexual activity and via sharing clothing or bedding
Red mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_mite> — Gamasoidosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamasoidosis> /Dermanyssus gallinae/
skin visual identification under magnification worldwide nesting
birds, pets, poultry farming
Northern fowl mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_fowl_mite> —
Gamasoidosis /Ornithonyssus sylviarum/ skin visual identification
under magnification worldwide nesting birds, poultry farming
Tropical fowl mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_fowl_mite> —
Gamasoidosis /Ornithonyssus bursa/ skin visual identification under
magnification worldwide nesting birds, poultry farming
Tropical rat mite — Rodent mite dermatitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodent_mite_dermatitis> /Ornithonyssus
bacoti <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornithonyssus_bacoti>/ skin
visual identification under magnification worldwide rodent infestations
Spiny rat mite — Rodent mite dermatitis /Laelaps echidnina
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laelaps_echidnina&action=edit&redlink=1>/
skin visual identification under magnification worldwide rodent
infestations
House mouse mite — Rodent mite dermatitis /Liponyssoides sanguineus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liponyssoides_sanguineus>/ skin visual
identification under magnification worldwide rodent infestations
Mighty Wannabe
2021-09-05 20:24:39 UTC
Permalink
Post by Nic
Post by Nic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans
COVID is a virus, not a worm. Don't take Ivermectin horse dewormer drug
for COVID.
Post by Nic
Protozoan organisms
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Source/Transmission
(Reservoir/Vector)
Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granulomatous_amoebic_encephalitis> and
/Acanthamoeba/ keratitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acanthamoeba_keratitis> (eye infection)
/Acanthamoeba <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acanthamoeba>/ spp.
eye, brain, skin culture worldwide contact lenses
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contact_lense> cleaned with
contaminated tap water <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tap_water>
Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granulomatous_amoebic_encephalitis>
/Balamuthia mandrillaris
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balamuthia_mandrillaris>/ brain, skin
culture worldwide via inhalation or skin lesion
Babesiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babesiosis> /Babesia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babesia>/ /B. divergens/, /B.
bigemina/, /B. equi/, /B. microfti/, /B. duncani/ red blood cells
Giemsa-stained thin blood smear
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giemsa_stain> New England
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_England> (different species have
worldwide distribution) tick bites
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick_bite>, e.g. /Ixodes scapularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixodes_scapularis>/
Balantidiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balantidiasis>
/Balantidium coli <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balantidium_coli>/
intestinal mucosa <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mucosa>, may become
invasive in some patients stool (diarrhea=ciliated trophozoite; solid
stool=large cyst with horseshoe shaped nucleus)
ingestion of cyst, zoonotic infection acquired from pigs (feces)
Blastocystosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastocystosis>
/Blastocystis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastocystis>/ spp.
one of the most common human parasites^[1]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Blastocystosis_prevalence-1>
^[2]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Efficacy_against_Blastocystis-2>
• Developing regions: infects 40–100% of the total populations^[1]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Blastocystosis_prevalence-1>
^[2]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Efficacy_against_Blastocystis-2>
^[3]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Primary:_Blastocystosis_100%_prevalence-3>
eating food contaminated with feces from an infected human or animal
Cryptosporidiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptosporidiosis>
/Cryptosporidium <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptosporidium>/ spp.
intestines stool widespread ingestion of oocyst (sporulated), some
species are zoonotic (e.g. bovine fecal contamination)
Cyclosporiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclosporiasis>
/Cyclospora cayetanensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclospora_cayetanensis>/ intestines
stool United States ingestion of oocyst thru contaminated food
Dientamoebiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dientamoebiasis>
/Dientamoeba fragilis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dientamoeba_fragilis>/ intestines
stool up to 10% in industrialized countries ingesting water or food
contaminated with feces
Amoebiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoebiasis> /Entamoeba
histolytica <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entamoeba_histolytica>/
intestines (mainly colon, but can cause liver failure if not treated)
stool (fresh diarrheic stools have amoeba, solid stool has cyst)
areas with poor sanitation, high population density and tropical
regions fecal-oral transmission of cyst, not amoeba
Giardiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giardiasis> /Giardia
lamblia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giardia_lamblia>/ lumen
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lumen_%28anatomy%29> of the small
intestine <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_intestine> stool
worldwide? ingestion of water containing deer or beaver feces
Isosporiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isosporiasis> /Isospora
belli <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isospora_belli>/ epithelial
cells <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epithelial_cell> of small
intestines <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_intestine> stool
worldwide – less common than /Toxoplasma/ or /Cryptosporidium/ fecal
oral route – ingestion of sporulated oocyst
Leishmaniasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmaniasis>
/Leishmania <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmania>/ spp.
cutaneous <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cutaneous>, mucocutaneous
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mucocutaneous>, or visceral
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral> visual identification of
lesion or microscopic stain with Leishman's or Giemsa's stain
visceral leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral_leishmaniasis> – worldwide;
cutaneous leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cutaneous_leishmaniasis> – Old World;
mucocutaneous leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmaniasis> – New World
/Phlebotomus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phlebotomus>/, /Lutzomyia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutzomyia>/ – bite of several species
of phlebotomine sandflies
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_amoebic_meningoencephalitis>
(PAM)^[4]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-4>
^[5]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-5>
/Naegleria fowleri <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naegleria_fowleri>/
brain culture unknown, but infection is rare nasal insufflation
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insufflation_%28medicine%29> of
contaminated warm fresh water, poorly chlorinated swimming pools
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swimming_pool>, hot springs
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_spring>, soil
Malaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria> /Plasmodium
falciparum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_falciparum>/
(80% of cases), /Plasmodium vivax
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_vivax>/, /Plasmodium ovale
curtisi <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_ovale_curtisi>/,
/Plasmodium ovale wallikeri
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_ovale_wallikeri>/,
/Plasmodium malariae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_malariae>/, /Plasmodium
knowlesi <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_knowlesi>/ red
blood cells, liver blood film
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_film> tropical – 250 million
cases/year /Anopheles <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anopheles>/
mosquito
Rhinosporidiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinosporidiosis>
/Rhinosporidium seeberi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinosporidium_seeberi>/ nose,
nasopharynx <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasopharynx> biopsy India
and Sri Lanka nasal mucosa
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasal_mucosa> came into contact with
infected material through bathing in common ponds
Sarcocystosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcocystis>
/Sarcocystis bovihominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocystis_bovihominis&action=edit&redlink=1>/,/Sarcocystis
suihominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocystis_suihominis&action=edit&redlink=1>/
intestine <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intestine>, muscle
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle> muscle biopsy widespread
ingestion of uncooked/undercooked beef/pork with /Sarcocystis/
sarcocysts
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocyst&action=edit&redlink=1>
Toxoplasmosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis> (Acute
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis#Acute_toxoplasmosis> and
Latent
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis#Latent_toxoplasmosis>)
/Toxoplasma gondii <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasma_gondii>/
eyes, brain, heart, liver blood and PCR
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCR> worldwide: one of the most common
human parasites; estimated to infect between 30–50% of the global
population.^[6]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Global_threat-6>
^[7]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Pappas2009-7>
ingestion of uncooked/undercooked pork/lamb/goat with /Toxoplasma/
bradyzoites <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradyzoite>, ingestion of
raw milk with /Toxoplasma/ tachyzoites
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tachyzoites>, ingestion of contaminated
water food or soil with oocysts
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oocysts> in cat feces that is more than
one day old
Trichomoniasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichomoniasis>
/Trichomonas vaginalis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichomonas_vaginalis>/ female
urogenital tract (males asymptomatic) microscopic examination of
genital swab worldwide sexually transmitted infection – only
trophozoite form (no cysts)
Sleeping sickness
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_trypanosomiasis> /Trypanosoma
brucei <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypanosoma_brucei>/ brain and
blood microscopic examination of chancre
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chancre> fluid, lymph node aspirates,
blood, bone marrow 50,000 to 70,000 people; only found in Africa
tsetse fly <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsetse_fly>, day-biting fly
of the genus /Glossina <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossina>/
Chagas disease <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chagas_disease>
/Trypanosoma cruzi <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypanosoma_cruzi>/
colon, esophagus, heart, nerves, muscle and blood Giemsa stain
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giemsa_stain> – blood Mexico
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico>, Central America, South America
– 16–18 million /Triatoma
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triatoma>//Reduviidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reduviidae> – "kissing bug" insect
vector, feeds at night
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapeworm> – Tapeworm infection
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapeworm_infection> /Cestoda
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cestoda>/, /Taenia multiceps
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taenia_multiceps&action=edit&redlink=1>/
intestine stool rare worldwide
Diphyllobothriasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphyllobothriasis>
– tapeworm /Diphyllobothrium latum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphyllobothrium_latum>/ intestines,
blood stool (microscope) Europe, Japan, Uganda, Peru, Chile
ingestion of raw fresh water fish
Echinococcosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcosis> –
tapeworm /Echinococcus granulosus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcus_granulosus>/,
/Echinococcus multilocularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcus_multilocularis>/, /E.
vogeli/, /E. oligarthrus/ liver, lungs, kidney, spleen imaging of
hydatid cysts <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydatid_cyst> in the
liver, lungs, kidney and spleen Mediterranean countries as
intermediate host <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermediate_host>,
ingestion of material contaminated by feces from a carnivore
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnivore>; as definite host
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Definite_host>, ingestion of uncooked
meat (offal <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offal>) from a herbivore
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbivore>
Hymenolepiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepiasis>^[8]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-8>
/Hymenolepis nana <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepis_nana>/,
/Hymenolepis diminuta
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepis_diminuta>/
ingestion of material contaminated by flour beetles, mealworms,
cockroaches
Beef tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beef_tapeworm> /Taenia
saginata <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taenia_saginata>/ Intestines
stool worldwide distribution ingestion of undercooked beef
Cysticercosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cysticercosis>-Pork
tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pork_tapeworm> /Taenia solium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taenia_solium>/ Brain, muscle, Eye
(Cysts in conjuntiva/anterior chamber/sub-retinal space) stool, blood
Asia, Africa, South America, Southern Europe, North America.
ingestion of undercooked pork
Bertielliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertielliasis>
/Bertiella mucronata
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertiella_mucronata>/, /Bertiella
studeri <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertiella_studeri>/ Intestines
stool rare contact with non-human primates
Sparganosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparganosis> /Spirometra
erinaceieuropaei
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirometra_erinaceieuropaei>/
ingestion of material contaminated with infected dog or cat feces
(humans: dead-end host <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead-end_host>)
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Clonorchiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchiasis>
/Clonorchis sinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchis_sinensis>/; /Clonorchis
viverrini/ gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver
East Asia ingestion of under prepared freshwater fish
Lancet liver fluke /Dicrocoelium dendriticum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dicrocoelium_dendriticum>/ gall bladder
rare ingestion of ants
Liver fluke <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liver_fluke> – Fasciolosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolosis>^[9]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-9>
/Fasciola hepatica
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciola_hepatica>/, /Fasciola
gigantica <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciola_gigantica>/ liver,
gall bladder stool /Fasciola hepatica/ in Europe, Africa, Australia,
the Americas and Oceania; /Fasciola gigantica/ only in Africa and
Asia, 2.4 million people infected by both species freshwater snails
Fasciolopsiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolopsiasis> –
intestinal fluke^[10]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-10>
/Fasciolopsis buski
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolopsis_buski>/ intestines stool
or vomitus (microscope) East Asia – 10 million people ingestion of
infested water plants or water (intermediate host:amphibic snails)
Metagonimiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metagonimiasis> –
intestinal fluke /Metagonimus yokogawai/
stool Siberia, Manchuria, Balkan states, Israel, Spain ingestion of
undercooked or salted fish
Metorchiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metorchiasis> /Metorchis
conjunctus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metorchis_conjunctus>/
Canada, US, Greenland ingestion of raw fish
Chinese liver fluke /Opisthorchis viverrini
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opisthorchis_viverrini>/, /Opisthorchis
felineus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opisthorchis_felineus>/,
/Clonorchis sinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchis_sinensis>/ bile duct
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile_duct>
1.5 million people in Russia consuming infected raw, slightly salted
or frozen fish
Paragonimiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimiasis>, lung
fluke /Paragonimus westermani
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimus_westermani>/; /Paragonimus
africanus/; /Paragonimus caliensis/; /Paragonimus kellicotti/;
/Paragonimus skrjabini
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimus_skrjabini>/; /Paragonimus
uterobilateralis/ lungs sputum, feces East Asia ingestion of raw
or undercooked freshwater crabs crayfishes or other crustaceans
Schistosomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomiasis> –
bilharzia, bilharziosis or snail fever (all types) /Schistosoma
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma>/ sp.
Africa, Caribbean, eastern South America, east Asia, Middle East –
200 million people skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
freshwater snails
intestinal schistosomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intestinal_schistosomiasis>
/Schistosoma mansoni
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_mansoni>/ and /Schistosoma
intercalatum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_intercalatum>/
intestine, liver, spleen, lungs, skin, rarely infects the brain
stool Africa, Caribbean, South America, Asia, Middle East – 83
million people skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
/Biomphalaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomphalaria>/ freshwater
snails
urinary blood fluke /Schistosoma haematobium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_haematobium>/ kidney,
bladder, ureters, lungs, skin urine Africa, Middle East skin
exposure to water contaminated with infected /Bulinus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulinus>/ sp. snails
Schistosomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomiasis> by
/Schistosoma japonicum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_japonicum>/ /Schistosoma
japonicum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_japonicum>/
intestine, liver, spleen, lungs, skin stool China, East Asia,
Philippines skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
/Oncomelania <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oncomelania>/ sp. snails
Asian intestinal schistosomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asian_intestinal_schistosomiasis&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Schistosoma mekongi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_mekongi>/
South East Asia skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
/Neotricula aperta <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neotricula_aperta>/
– freshwater snails
Echinostomiasis /Echinostoma echinatum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinostoma>/ small intestine
Far East ingestion of raw fish, mollusks, snails
Swimmer's itch <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swimmer%27s_itch>
/Trichobilharzia regenti
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichobilharzia_regenti>/,
Schistosomatidae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomatidae>
worldwide skin exposure to contaminated water (snails and vertebrates)
Disease caused Latin name (sorted) Habitat in definite host
Prevalence Vector or intermediate host Mode of transmission
Ancylostomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancylostomiasis>/Hookworm
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hookworm> /Ancylostoma duodenale
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancylostoma_duodenale>/, Necator
americanus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necator_americanus> lungs,
small intestine, blood stool common in tropical, warm, moist
climates penetration of skin by L3 larva
Angiostrongyliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiostrongyliasis>
/Angiostrongylus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiostrongylus>/
intestine stool
ingestion of infected faeces or infected slugs
Anisakiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anisakiasis>^[11]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-11>
/Anisakis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anisakis>/ allergic
reaction biopsy incidental host ingestion of raw fish, squid,
cuttlefish, octopus
Roundworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roundworm> – Parasitic
pneumonia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_pneumonia>
/Ascaris <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascaris>/ sp. /Ascaris
lumbricoides <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascaris_lumbricoides>/
Intestines, liver, appendix, pancreas, lungs, Löffler's syndrome
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%B6ffler%27s_syndrome> stool
common in tropical and subtropical regions
Roundworm – Baylisascariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baylisascariasis> /Baylisascaris
procyonis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baylisascaris_procyonis>/
Intestines, liver, lungs, brain, eye
rare: North America stool from raccoons
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raccoon>
Roundworm-lymphatic filariasis /Brugia malayi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugia_malayi>/, /Brugia timori
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugia_timori>/ lymph nodes blood
samples tropical regions of Asia arthropods
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropod>
Dioctophyme renalis infection
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dioctophyme_renalis_infection&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Dioctophyme renale
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dioctophyme_renale>/ kidneys
(typically the right) urine rare ingestion of undercooked or raw
freshwater fish
Guinea worm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea_worm> –
Dracunculiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracunculiasis>
/Dracunculus medinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracunculus_medinensis>/ subcutaneous
tissues, muscle skin blister/ulcer South Sudan (eradication ongoing)
Pinworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinworm> – Enterobiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobiasis> /Enterobius vermicularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobius_vermicularis>/, /Enterobius
gregorii <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobius_gregorii>/
intestines, anus stool; tape test around anus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anus> widespread; temperate regions
Gnathostomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostomiasis>^[12]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-12>
/Gnathostoma spinigerum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostoma_spinigerum>/, /Gnathostoma
hispidum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostoma_hispidum>/
subcutaneous tissues (under the skin) physical examination rare –
Southeast Asia ingestion of raw or undercooked meat (e.g., freshwater
fish, chicken, snails, frogs, pigs) or contaminated water
Halicephalobiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Halicephalobiasis&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Halicephalobus gingivalis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halicephalobus_gingivalis>/ brain
soil-contaminated wounds
/Loa loa/ filariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loa_loa_filariasis>, Calabar swellings
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calabar_swellings> /Loa loa filaria
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loa_loa_filaria>/ connective tissue,
lungs, eye blood (Giemsa, haematoxylin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haematoxylin>, eosin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eosin> stain) rain forest of West
Africa – 12–13 million people Tabanidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabanidae> – horsefly, bites in the day
Mansonelliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansonelliasis>,
filariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filariasis> /Mansonella
streptocerca <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansonella_streptocerca>/
subcutaneous layer of skin
insect
River blindness <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_blindness>,
onchocerciasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onchocerciasis>
/Onchocerca volvulus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onchocerca_volvulus>/ skin, eye,
tissue bloodless skin snip Africa, Yemen, Central and South America
near cool, fast flowing rivers /Simulium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simulium>//black fly
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_fly>, bites during the day
Strongyloidiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strongyloidiasis> –
Parasitic pneumonia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_pneumonia> /Strongyloides
stercoralis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strongyloides_stercoralis>/
intestines, lungs, skin (Larva currens
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larva_currens>) stool, blood
skin penetration
Thelaziasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelaziasis> /Thelazia
californiensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelazia_californiensis>/, /Thelazia
callipaeda <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelazia_callipaeda>/ eyes
ocular examination Asia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asia>, Europe
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe> /Amiota (Phortica) variegata
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amiota_variegata>/, /Phortica okadai
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phortica_okadai&action=edit&redlink=1>/
Toxocariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocariasis> /Toxocara
canis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_canis>/, /Toxocara cati
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_cati>/, /Toxascaris leonina
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxascaris_leonina>/ liver, brain,
eyes (/Toxocara canis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_canis>/
– visceral larva migrans
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral_larva_migrans>, ocular larva
migrans <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocular_larva_migrans>) blood,
ocular examination worldwide distribution pica
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pica_%28disorder%29>, unwashed food
contaminated with /Toxocara/ eggs, undercooked livers of chicken
Trichinosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinosis> /Trichinella
spiralis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_spiralis>/,
/Trichinella britovi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_britovi>/, /Trichinella
nelsoni
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trichinella_nelsoni&action=edit&redlink=1>/,
/Trichinella nativa
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_nativa>/ muscle,
periorbital region, small intestine blood more common in developing
countries due to improved feeding practices in developed countries.
ingestion of undercooked pork
Whipworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whipworm> /Trichuris
trichiura <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichuris_trichiura>/,
/Trichuris vulpis/ large intestine, anus stool (eggs) common
worldwide accidental ingestion of eggs in dry goods such as beans,
rice, and various grains or soil contaminated with human feces
Elephantiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantiasis_tropica> –
Lymphatic filariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lymphatic_filariasis> /Wuchereria
bancrofti <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wuchereria_bancrofti>/
lymphatic system thick blood smears stained with hematoxylin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hematoxylin>. tropical and subtropical
mosquito, bites at night
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Acanthocephaliasis Archiacanthocephala
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archiacanthocephala>, /Moniliformis
moniliformis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moniliformis_moniliformis>/
Gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, eye Faeces, parasite itself
worldwide ingestion of intermediate hosts
/Halzoun syndrome/ /Linguatula serrata
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguatula_serrata>/ nasopharynx
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasopharynx> physical examination Mid
East ingestion of raw or undercooked lymph nodes (e.g., meat from
infected camels and buffaloes)
Myiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myiasis> Oestroidea
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oestroidea>, Calliphoridae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calliphoridae>, Sarcophagidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcophagidae> dead or living tissue
Screwworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screwworm>, Cochliomyia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochliomyia> /Cochliomyia hominivorax
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochliomyia_hominivorax>/ (family
Calliphoridae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calliphoridae>) skin and
wounds visual North America (eradicated), Central America, North
Africa direct contact with fly
Chigoe flea /Tunga penetrans
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunga_penetrans>/ Subcutaneous tissue
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subcutaneous_tissue> physical
examination Central and South America, Sub-Saharan Africa
Human botfly /Dermatobia hominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dermatobia_hominis>/ Subcutaneous
tissue <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subcutaneous_tissue> physical
examination Central and South America mosquitoes and biting flies
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Head louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head_louse> – Pediculosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pediculosis> /Pediculus humanus
capitis/ hair follicles visual identification under magnification
common worldwide head-to-head contact
Body louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_louse> – Pediculosis
/Pediculus humanus humanus/ skin visual identification under
magnification (Vagabond's disease
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vagabond%27s_disease>) common
worldwide skin-to-skin contact such as sexual activity and via
sharing clothing or bedding
Crab louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crab_louse> –Phthiriasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phthiriasis> /Pthirus pubis/ pubic
area, eyelashes visual identification under magnification common
worldwide skin-to-skin contact such as sexual activity and via
sharing clothing or bedding
"Chiggers" (Trombiculidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculidae>) – Trombiculosis
Trombiculidae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculidae> skin
visual identification under magnification, microscopy worldwide
(mesic <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesic_habitat> habitats) high
grass, weeds
Flea <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flea> Siphonaptera
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flea>: /Pulicinae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulicinae>/ skin visual
identification under magnification worldwide environment
Bed bug <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bed_bug_%28insect%29>
Cimicidae: /Cimex lectularius
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimex_lectularius> and Cimex hemipterus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimex_hemipterus>/ skin visual
worldwide sharing of clothing, bedding and hitchhiking in personal
possessions
Tick <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick> Arachnida: Ixodidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixodidae> and Argasidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argasidae> skin visual worldwide
high grass, leaf litter, weeds
Mosquito <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito> Insecta: Diptera
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diptera> skin visual worldwide high
grass, weeds
Demodex <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demodex> – Demodicosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demodicosis> /Demodex
folliculorum/brevis/canis/ eyebrow, eyelashes, skin, face, scalp
microscopy of eyelash or eyebrow hair follicle, cellophane tape method
(CTP), squeezing method, skin scrapings pandemic, worldwide
Commensal, prolonged skin-to-skin contact
Scabies <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scabies> /Sarcoptes scabiei/
skin microscopy of surface scrapings worldwide skin-to-skin contact
such as sexual activity and via sharing clothing or bedding
Red mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_mite> — Gamasoidosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamasoidosis> /Dermanyssus gallinae/
skin visual identification under magnification worldwide nesting
birds, pets, poultry farming
Northern fowl mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_fowl_mite>
— Gamasoidosis /Ornithonyssus sylviarum/ skin visual identification
under magnification worldwide nesting birds, poultry farming
Tropical fowl mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_fowl_mite>
— Gamasoidosis /Ornithonyssus bursa/ skin visual identification
under magnification worldwide nesting birds, poultry farming
Tropical rat mite — Rodent mite dermatitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodent_mite_dermatitis> /Ornithonyssus
bacoti <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornithonyssus_bacoti>/ skin
visual identification under magnification worldwide rodent infestations
Spiny rat mite — Rodent mite dermatitis /Laelaps echidnina
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laelaps_echidnina&action=edit&redlink=1>/
skin visual identification under magnification worldwide rodent
infestations
House mouse mite — Rodent mite dermatitis /Liponyssoides sanguineus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liponyssoides_sanguineus>/ skin
visual identification under magnification worldwide rodent infestations
Helminths (worms)
Helminth organisms (also called helminths
Tapeworms
Flukes
Roundworms
Other organisms
Ectoparasites
Nic2
2021-09-05 21:29:25 UTC
Permalink
Post by Mighty Wannabe
COVID is a virus, not a worm. Don't take Ivermectin horse
dewormer
Post by Mighty Wannabe
drug for COVID.
Have you considered the possibility that people with higher
parasite
infestations are more prone to the covid virus?
Maybe.
Fat people are more prone to get COVID too, but you don't see
SlimFast
pushing their products for COVID.
You are making a jump in logic, seemingly normal people are getting
sick, think about my theory.
Mighty Wannabe
2021-09-05 21:46:15 UTC
Permalink
Post by Mighty Wannabe
Post by Mighty Wannabe
COVID is a virus, not a worm. Don't take Ivermectin horse
dewormer
Post by Mighty Wannabe
drug for COVID.
Have you considered the possibility that people with higher
parasite
infestations are more prone to the covid virus?
Maybe.
Fat people are more prone to get COVID too, but you don't see
SlimFast
pushing their products for COVID.
You are making a jump in logic, seemingly normal people are getting
sick, think about my theory.
You have no logic. Your theory is that a horse dewormer is good for
COVID virus infection. Someday you will say a butt-plug is good for
COVID too.
Nic
2021-09-05 21:49:57 UTC
Permalink
Post by Mighty Wannabe
Post by Mighty Wannabe
Post by Mighty Wannabe
COVID is a virus, not a worm. Don't take Ivermectin horse
dewormer
Post by Mighty Wannabe
drug for COVID.
Have you considered the possibility that people with higher
parasite
infestations are more prone to the covid virus?
Maybe.
Fat people are more prone to get COVID too, but you don't see
SlimFast
pushing their products for COVID.
You are making a jump in logic, seemingly normal people are getting
sick, think about my theory.
You have no logic. Your theory is that a horse dewormer is good for
COVID virus infection. Someday you will say a butt-plug is good for
COVID too.
IMHO you would make a better shoe salesman than a modern day drug pusher.
Nic
2021-09-05 22:30:54 UTC
Permalink
Post by Nic
Post by Mighty Wannabe
Post by Mighty Wannabe
Post by Mighty Wannabe
COVID is a virus, not a worm. Don't take Ivermectin horse
dewormer
Post by Mighty Wannabe
drug for COVID.
Have you considered the possibility that people with higher
parasite
infestations are more prone to the covid virus?
Maybe.
Fat people are more prone to get COVID too, but you don't see
SlimFast
pushing their products for COVID.
You are making a jump in logic, seemingly normal people are getting
sick, think about my theory.
You have no logic. Your theory is that a horse dewormer is good for
COVID virus infection. Someday you will say a butt-plug is good for
COVID too.
IMHO you would make a better shoe salesman than a modern day drug pusher.
You should say it to your mirror. You are the one pushing Ivermectin
horse dewormer for COVID.
You are the one who is pushing the experimental death shots.

Mighty Wannabe
2021-09-05 20:25:52 UTC
Permalink
Post by Nic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans
COVID is a virus, not a worm. Don't take Ivermectin horse dewormer drug
for COVID.
Post by Nic
Protozoan organisms
Helminths (worms)
Helminth organisms (also called helminths
Tapeworms
Flukes
Roundworms
Other organisms
Ectoparasites
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Source/Transmission
(Reservoir/Vector)
Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granulomatous_amoebic_encephalitis> and
/Acanthamoeba/ keratitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acanthamoeba_keratitis> (eye infection)
/Acanthamoeba <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acanthamoeba>/ spp.
eye, brain, skin culture worldwide contact lenses
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contact_lense> cleaned with
contaminated tap water <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tap_water>
Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granulomatous_amoebic_encephalitis>
/Balamuthia mandrillaris
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balamuthia_mandrillaris>/ brain, skin
culture worldwide via inhalation or skin lesion
Babesiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babesiosis> /Babesia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babesia>/ /B. divergens/, /B.
bigemina/, /B. equi/, /B. microfti/, /B. duncani/ red blood
cells Giemsa-stained thin blood smear
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giemsa_stain> New England
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_England> (different species have
worldwide distribution) tick bites
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick_bite>, e.g. /Ixodes scapularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixodes_scapularis>/
Balantidiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balantidiasis>
/Balantidium coli <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balantidium_coli>/
intestinal mucosa <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mucosa>, may become
invasive in some patients stool (diarrhea=ciliated trophozoite;
solid stool=large cyst with horseshoe shaped nucleus)
ingestion of cyst, zoonotic infection acquired from pigs (feces)
Blastocystosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastocystosis>
/Blastocystis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastocystis>/ spp.
intestinal direct microscopy of stool (PCR, antibody) •
worldwide: one of the most common human parasites^[1]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Blastocystosis_prevalence-1>
^[2]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Efficacy_against_Blastocystis-2>
• Developing regions: infects 40–100% of the total populations^[1]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Blastocystosis_prevalence-1>
^[2]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Efficacy_against_Blastocystis-2>
^[3]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Primary:_Blastocystosis_100%_prevalence-3>
eating food contaminated with feces from an infected human or animal
Cryptosporidiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptosporidiosis>
/Cryptosporidium <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptosporidium>/ spp.
intestines stool widespread ingestion of oocyst
(sporulated), some species are zoonotic (e.g. bovine fecal contamination)
Cyclosporiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclosporiasis>
/Cyclospora cayetanensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclospora_cayetanensis>/ intestines
stool United States ingestion of oocyst thru contaminated food
Dientamoebiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dientamoebiasis>
/Dientamoeba fragilis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dientamoeba_fragilis>/ intestines
stool up to 10% in industrialized countries ingesting water or
food contaminated with feces
Amoebiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoebiasis> /Entamoeba
histolytica <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entamoeba_histolytica>/
intestines (mainly colon, but can cause liver failure if not treated)
stool (fresh diarrheic stools have amoeba, solid stool has cyst)
areas with poor sanitation, high population density and tropical
regions fecal-oral transmission of cyst, not amoeba
Giardiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giardiasis> /Giardia lamblia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giardia_lamblia>/ lumen
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lumen_(anatomy)> of the small intestine
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_intestine> stool worldwide?
ingestion of water containing deer or beaver feces
Isosporiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isosporiasis>
/Isospora belli <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isospora_belli>/
epithelial cells <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epithelial_cell> of
small intestines <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_intestine>
stool worldwide – less common than /Toxoplasma/ or
/Cryptosporidium/ fecal oral route – ingestion of sporulated oocyst
Leishmaniasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmaniasis>
/Leishmania <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmania>/ spp.
cutaneous <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cutaneous>, mucocutaneous
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mucocutaneous>, or visceral
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral> visual identification of
lesion or microscopic stain with Leishman's or Giemsa's stain
visceral leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral_leishmaniasis> – worldwide;
cutaneous leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cutaneous_leishmaniasis> – Old World;
mucocutaneous leishmaniasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leishmaniasis> – New World
/Phlebotomus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phlebotomus>/, /Lutzomyia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutzomyia>/ – bite of several species
of phlebotomine sandflies
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_amoebic_meningoencephalitis>
(PAM)^[4]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-4>
^[5]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-5>
/Naegleria fowleri <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naegleria_fowleri>/
brain culture unknown, but infection is rare nasal
insufflation <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insufflation_(medicine)>
of contaminated warm fresh water, poorly chlorinated swimming pools
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swimming_pool>, hot springs
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_spring>, soil
Malaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria> /Plasmodium falciparum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_falciparum>/ (80% of cases),
/Plasmodium vivax <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_vivax>/,
/Plasmodium ovale curtisi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_ovale_curtisi>/, /Plasmodium
ovale wallikeri
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_ovale_wallikeri>/,
/Plasmodium malariae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_malariae>/, /Plasmodium
knowlesi <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_knowlesi>/ red
blood cells, liver blood film
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_film> tropical – 250 million
cases/year /Anopheles <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anopheles>/
mosquito
Rhinosporidiosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinosporidiosis>
/Rhinosporidium seeberi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinosporidium_seeberi>/ nose,
nasopharynx <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasopharynx> biopsy
India and Sri Lanka nasal mucosa
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasal_mucosa> came into contact with
infected material through bathing in common ponds
Sarcocystosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcocystis>
/Sarcocystis bovihominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocystis_bovihominis&action=edit&redlink=1>/,/Sarcocystis
suihominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocystis_suihominis&action=edit&redlink=1>/
intestine <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intestine>, muscle
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle> muscle biopsy
widespread ingestion of uncooked/undercooked beef/pork with
/Sarcocystis/ sarcocysts
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcocyst&action=edit&redlink=1>
Toxoplasmosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis> (Acute
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis#Acute_toxoplasmosis> and
Latent
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis#Latent_toxoplasmosis>)
/Toxoplasma gondii <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasma_gondii>/
eyes, brain, heart, liver blood and PCR
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCR> worldwide: one of the most
common human parasites; estimated to infect between 30–50% of the
global population.^[6]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Global_threat-6>
^[7]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-Pappas2009-7>
ingestion of uncooked/undercooked pork/lamb/goat with /Toxoplasma/
bradyzoites <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradyzoite>, ingestion of
raw milk with /Toxoplasma/ tachyzoites
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tachyzoites>, ingestion of contaminated
water food or soil with oocysts
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oocysts> in cat feces that is more than
one day old
Trichomoniasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichomoniasis>
/Trichomonas vaginalis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichomonas_vaginalis>/ female
urogenital tract (males asymptomatic) microscopic examination of
genital swab worldwide sexually transmitted infection – only
trophozoite form (no cysts)
Sleeping sickness
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_trypanosomiasis> /Trypanosoma
brucei <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypanosoma_brucei>/ brain and
blood microscopic examination of chancre
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chancre> fluid, lymph node aspirates,
blood, bone marrow 50,000 to 70,000 people; only found in Africa
tsetse fly <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsetse_fly>, day-biting fly
of the genus /Glossina <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossina>/
Chagas disease <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chagas_disease>
/Trypanosoma cruzi <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypanosoma_cruzi>/
colon, esophagus, heart, nerves, muscle and blood Giemsa stain
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giemsa_stain> – blood Mexico
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico>, Central America, South America
– 16–18 million /Triatoma
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triatoma>//Reduviidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reduviidae> – "kissing bug" insect
vector, feeds at night
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapeworm> – Tapeworm infection
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapeworm_infection> /Cestoda
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cestoda>/, /Taenia multiceps
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taenia_multiceps&action=edit&redlink=1>/
intestine stool rare worldwide
Diphyllobothriasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphyllobothriasis>
– tapeworm /Diphyllobothrium latum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphyllobothrium_latum>/ intestines,
blood stool (microscope) Europe, Japan, Uganda, Peru,
Chile ingestion of raw fresh water fish
Echinococcosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcosis> –
tapeworm /Echinococcus granulosus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcus_granulosus>/,
/Echinococcus multilocularis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinococcus_multilocularis>/, /E.
vogeli/, /E. oligarthrus/ liver, lungs, kidney, spleen imaging of
hydatid cysts <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydatid_cyst> in the
liver, lungs, kidney and spleen Mediterranean countries as
intermediate host <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermediate_host>,
ingestion of material contaminated by feces from a carnivore
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnivore>; as definite host
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Definite_host>, ingestion of uncooked
meat (offal <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offal>) from a herbivore
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbivore>
Hymenolepiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepiasis>^[8]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-8>
/Hymenolepis nana <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepis_nana>/,
/Hymenolepis diminuta
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenolepis_diminuta>/
ingestion of material contaminated by flour beetles, mealworms,
cockroaches
Beef tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beef_tapeworm>
/Taenia saginata <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taenia_saginata>/
Intestines stool worldwide distribution ingestion of
undercooked beef
Cysticercosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cysticercosis>-Pork
tapeworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pork_tapeworm> /Taenia
solium <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taenia_solium>/ Brain, muscle,
Eye (Cysts in conjuntiva/anterior chamber/sub-retinal space)
stool, blood Asia, Africa, South America, Southern Europe, North
America. ingestion of undercooked pork
Bertielliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertielliasis>
/Bertiella mucronata
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertiella_mucronata>/, /Bertiella
studeri <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertiella_studeri>/
Intestines stool rare contact with non-human primates
Sparganosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparganosis> /Spirometra
erinaceieuropaei
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirometra_erinaceieuropaei>/
ingestion of material contaminated with infected dog or cat feces
(humans: dead-end host <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead-end_host>)
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Clonorchiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchiasis>
/Clonorchis sinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchis_sinensis>/; /Clonorchis
viverrini/ gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver
East Asia ingestion of under prepared freshwater fish
Lancet liver fluke /Dicrocoelium dendriticum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dicrocoelium_dendriticum>/ gall bladder
rare ingestion of ants
Liver fluke <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liver_fluke> – Fasciolosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolosis>^[9]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-9>
/Fasciola hepatica <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciola_hepatica>/,
/Fasciola gigantica
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciola_gigantica>/ liver, gall
bladder stool /Fasciola hepatica/ in Europe, Africa,
Australia, the Americas and Oceania; /Fasciola gigantica/ only in
Africa and Asia, 2.4 million people infected by both species
freshwater snails
Fasciolopsiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolopsiasis> –
intestinal fluke^[10]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-10>
/Fasciolopsis buski
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolopsis_buski>/ intestines
stool or vomitus (microscope) East Asia – 10 million people
ingestion of infested water plants or water (intermediate
host:amphibic snails)
Metagonimiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metagonimiasis> –
intestinal fluke /Metagonimus yokogawai/
stool Siberia, Manchuria, Balkan states, Israel, Spain
ingestion of undercooked or salted fish
Metorchiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metorchiasis>
/Metorchis conjunctus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metorchis_conjunctus>/
Canada, US, Greenland ingestion of raw fish
Chinese liver fluke /Opisthorchis viverrini
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opisthorchis_viverrini>/, /Opisthorchis
felineus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opisthorchis_felineus>/,
/Clonorchis sinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchis_sinensis>/ bile duct
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile_duct>
1.5 million people in Russia consuming infected raw, slightly
salted or frozen fish
Paragonimiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimiasis>, lung
fluke /Paragonimus westermani
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimus_westermani>/; /Paragonimus
africanus/; /Paragonimus caliensis/; /Paragonimus kellicotti/;
/Paragonimus skrjabini
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paragonimus_skrjabini>/; /Paragonimus
uterobilateralis/ lungs sputum, feces East Asia ingestion
of raw or undercooked freshwater crabs crayfishes or other crustaceans
Schistosomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomiasis> –
bilharzia, bilharziosis or snail fever (all types) /Schistosoma
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma>/ sp.
Africa, Caribbean, eastern South America, east Asia, Middle East –
200 million people skin exposure to water contaminated with
infected freshwater snails
intestinal schistosomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intestinal_schistosomiasis>
/Schistosoma mansoni
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_mansoni>/ and /Schistosoma
intercalatum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_intercalatum>/
intestine, liver, spleen, lungs, skin, rarely infects the brain
stool Africa, Caribbean, South America, Asia, Middle East – 83
million people skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
/Biomphalaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomphalaria>/ freshwater
snails
urinary blood fluke /Schistosoma haematobium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_haematobium>/ kidney,
bladder, ureters, lungs, skin urine Africa, Middle East
skin exposure to water contaminated with infected /Bulinus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulinus>/ sp. snails
Schistosomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomiasis> by
/Schistosoma japonicum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_japonicum>/ /Schistosoma
japonicum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_japonicum>/
intestine, liver, spleen, lungs, skin stool China, East Asia,
Philippines skin exposure to water contaminated with infected
/Oncomelania <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oncomelania>/ sp. snails
Asian intestinal schistosomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asian_intestinal_schistosomiasis&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Schistosoma mekongi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_mekongi>/
South East Asia skin exposure to water contaminated with
infected /Neotricula aperta
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neotricula_aperta>/ – freshwater snails
Echinostomiasis /Echinostoma echinatum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinostoma>/ small intestine
Far East ingestion of raw fish, mollusks, snails
Swimmer's itch <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swimmer%27s_itch>
/Trichobilharzia regenti
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichobilharzia_regenti>/,
Schistosomatidae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosomatidae>
worldwide skin exposure to contaminated water (snails and
vertebrates)
Disease caused Latin name (sorted) Habitat in definite host
Prevalence Vector or intermediate host Mode of transmission
Ancylostomiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancylostomiasis>/Hookworm
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hookworm> /Ancylostoma duodenale
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancylostoma_duodenale>/, Necator
americanus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necator_americanus> lungs,
small intestine, blood stool common in tropical, warm, moist
climates penetration of skin by L3 larva
Angiostrongyliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiostrongyliasis>
/Angiostrongylus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiostrongylus>/
intestine stool
ingestion of infected faeces or infected slugs
Anisakiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anisakiasis>^[11]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-11>
/Anisakis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anisakis>/ allergic
reaction biopsy incidental host ingestion of raw fish, squid,
cuttlefish, octopus
Roundworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roundworm> – Parasitic
pneumonia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_pneumonia> /Ascaris
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascaris>/ sp. /Ascaris lumbricoides
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascaris_lumbricoides>/ Intestines,
liver, appendix, pancreas, lungs, Löffler's syndrome
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%B6ffler%27s_syndrome> stool
common in tropical and subtropical regions
Roundworm – Baylisascariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baylisascariasis> /Baylisascaris
procyonis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baylisascaris_procyonis>/
Intestines, liver, lungs, brain, eye
rare: North America stool from raccoons
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raccoon>
Roundworm-lymphatic filariasis /Brugia malayi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugia_malayi>/, /Brugia timori
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugia_timori>/ lymph nodes blood
samples tropical regions of Asia arthropods
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropod>
Dioctophyme renalis infection
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dioctophyme_renalis_infection&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Dioctophyme renale
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dioctophyme_renale>/ kidneys
(typically the right) urine rare ingestion of undercooked
or raw freshwater fish
Guinea worm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea_worm> –
Dracunculiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracunculiasis>
/Dracunculus medinensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracunculus_medinensis>/ subcutaneous
tissues, muscle skin blister/ulcer South Sudan (eradication
ongoing)
Pinworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinworm> – Enterobiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobiasis> /Enterobius
vermicularis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobius_vermicularis>/,
/Enterobius gregorii
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobius_gregorii>/ intestines,
anus stool; tape test around anus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anus> widespread; temperate regions
Gnathostomiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostomiasis>^[12]
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parasites_of_humans#cite_note-12>
/Gnathostoma spinigerum
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostoma_spinigerum>/, /Gnathostoma
hispidum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnathostoma_hispidum>/
subcutaneous tissues (under the skin) physical examination rare –
Southeast Asia ingestion of raw or undercooked meat (e.g.,
freshwater fish, chicken, snails, frogs, pigs) or contaminated water
Halicephalobiasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Halicephalobiasis&action=edit&redlink=1>
/Halicephalobus gingivalis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halicephalobus_gingivalis>/ brain
soil-contaminated wounds
/Loa loa/ filariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loa_loa_filariasis>, Calabar swellings
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calabar_swellings> /Loa loa filaria
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loa_loa_filaria>/ connective tissue,
lungs, eye blood (Giemsa, haematoxylin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haematoxylin>, eosin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eosin> stain) rain forest of West
Africa – 12–13 million people Tabanidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabanidae> – horsefly, bites in the day
Mansonelliasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansonelliasis>,
filariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filariasis> /Mansonella
streptocerca <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansonella_streptocerca>/
subcutaneous layer of skin
insect
River blindness <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_blindness>,
onchocerciasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onchocerciasis>
/Onchocerca volvulus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onchocerca_volvulus>/ skin, eye, tissue
bloodless skin snip Africa, Yemen, Central and South America near
cool, fast flowing rivers /Simulium
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simulium>//black fly
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_fly>, bites during the day
Strongyloidiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strongyloidiasis> –
Parasitic pneumonia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_pneumonia> /Strongyloides
stercoralis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strongyloides_stercoralis>/
intestines, lungs, skin (Larva currens
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larva_currens>) stool, blood
skin penetration
Thelaziasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelaziasis> /Thelazia
californiensis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelazia_californiensis>/, /Thelazia
callipaeda <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelazia_callipaeda>/
eyes ocular examination Asia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asia>, Europe
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe> /Amiota (Phortica)
variegata <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amiota_variegata>/, /Phortica
okadai
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phortica_okadai&action=edit&redlink=1>/
Toxocariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocariasis>
/Toxocara canis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_canis>/,
/Toxocara cati <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_cati>/,
/Toxascaris leonina
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxascaris_leonina>/ liver, brain, eyes
(/Toxocara canis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxocara_canis>/ –
visceral larva migrans
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visceral_larva_migrans>, ocular larva
migrans <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocular_larva_migrans>) blood,
ocular examination worldwide distribution pica
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pica_(disorder)>, unwashed food
contaminated with /Toxocara/ eggs, undercooked livers of chicken
Trichinosis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinosis> /Trichinella
spiralis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_spiralis>/,
/Trichinella britovi
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_britovi>/, /Trichinella
nelsoni
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trichinella_nelsoni&action=edit&redlink=1>/,
/Trichinella nativa
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichinella_nativa>/ muscle,
periorbital region, small intestine blood more common in
developing countries due to improved feeding practices in developed
countries. ingestion of undercooked pork
Whipworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whipworm> /Trichuris trichiura
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichuris_trichiura>/, /Trichuris
vulpis/ large intestine, anus stool (eggs) common
worldwide accidental ingestion of eggs in dry goods such as beans,
rice, and various grains or soil contaminated with human feces
Elephantiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantiasis_tropica> –
Lymphatic filariasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lymphatic_filariasis> /Wuchereria
bancrofti <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wuchereria_bancrofti>/
lymphatic system thick blood smears stained with hematoxylin
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hematoxylin>. tropical and
subtropical mosquito, bites at night
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Acanthocephaliasis Archiacanthocephala
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archiacanthocephala>, /Moniliformis
moniliformis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moniliformis_moniliformis>/
Gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, eye Faeces, parasite itself
worldwide ingestion of intermediate hosts
/Halzoun syndrome/ /Linguatula serrata
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguatula_serrata>/ nasopharynx
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasopharynx> physical examination
Mid East ingestion of raw or undercooked lymph nodes (e.g., meat
from infected camels and buffaloes)
Myiasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myiasis> Oestroidea
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oestroidea>, Calliphoridae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calliphoridae>, Sarcophagidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcophagidae> dead or living tissue
Screwworm <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screwworm>, Cochliomyia
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochliomyia> /Cochliomyia hominivorax
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochliomyia_hominivorax>/ (family
Calliphoridae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calliphoridae>) skin
and wounds visual North America (eradicated), Central America,
North Africa direct contact with fly
Chigoe flea /Tunga penetrans
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunga_penetrans>/ Subcutaneous tissue
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subcutaneous_tissue> physical
examination Central and South America, Sub-Saharan Africa
Human botfly /Dermatobia hominis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dermatobia_hominis>/ Subcutaneous
tissue <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subcutaneous_tissue> physical
examination Central and South America mosquitoes and biting flies
Common name of organism or disease Latin name (sorted) Body parts
affected Diagnostic specimen Prevalence Transmission/Vector
Head louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head_louse> – Pediculosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pediculosis> /Pediculus humanus
capitis/ hair follicles visual identification under
magnification common worldwide head-to-head contact
Body louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_louse> – Pediculosis
/Pediculus humanus humanus/ skin visual identification under
magnification (Vagabond's disease
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vagabond%27s_disease>) common worldwide
skin-to-skin contact such as sexual activity and via sharing clothing
or bedding
Crab louse <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crab_louse> –Phthiriasis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phthiriasis> /Pthirus pubis/ pubic
area, eyelashes visual identification under magnification
common worldwide skin-to-skin contact such as sexual activity and via
sharing clothing or bedding
"Chiggers" (Trombiculidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculidae>) – Trombiculosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculosis> Arachnida: Trombiculidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombiculidae> skin visual
identification under magnification, microscopy worldwide (mesic
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesic_habitat> habitats) high grass, weeds
Flea <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flea> Siphonaptera
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flea>: /Pulicinae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulicinae>/ skin visual
identification under magnification worldwide environment
/Cimex lectularius <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimex_lectularius>
and Cimex hemipterus
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimex_hemipterus>/ skin
visual worldwide sharing of clothing, bedding and
hitchhiking in personal possessions
Tick <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick> Arachnida: Ixodidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixodidae> and Argasidae
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argasidae> skin visual
worldwide high grass, leaf litter, weeds
Mosquito <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito> Insecta: Diptera
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diptera> skin visual
worldwide high grass, weeds
Demodex <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demodex> – Demodicosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demodicosis> /Demodex
folliculorum/brevis/canis/ eyebrow, eyelashes, skin, face, scalp
microscopy of eyelash or eyebrow hair follicle, cellophane tape method
(CTP), squeezing method, skin scrapings pandemic, worldwide
Commensal, prolonged skin-to-skin contact
Scabies <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scabies> /Sarcoptes scabiei/
skin microscopy of surface scrapings worldwide skin-to-skin
contact such as sexual activity and via sharing clothing or bedding
Red mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_mite> — Gamasoidosis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamasoidosis> /Dermanyssus gallinae/
skin visual identification under magnification worldwide
nesting birds, pets, poultry farming
Northern fowl mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_fowl_mite>
— Gamasoidosis /Ornithonyssus sylviarum/ skin visual
identification under magnification worldwide nesting birds,
poultry farming
Tropical fowl mite <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_fowl_mite>
— Gamasoidosis /Ornithonyssus bursa/ skin visual
identification under magnification worldwide nesting birds,
poultry farming
Tropical rat mite — Rodent mite dermatitis
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodent_mite_dermatitis> /Ornithonyssus
bacoti <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornithonyssus_bacoti>/ skin
visual identification under magnification worldwide rodent
infestations
Spiny rat mite — Rodent mite dermatitis /Laelaps echidnina
<https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laelaps_echidnina&action=edit&redlink=1>/
skin visual identification under magnification worldwide
rodent infestations
House mouse mite — Rodent mite dermatitis /Liponyssoides
sanguineus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liponyssoides_sanguineus>/
skin visual identification under magnification worldwide
rodent infestations
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